Day 1: Tabriz (Arrival), Motherland of Azari Architecture
On the time of arrival at TABRIZ INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, our representative will welcome you with a Logo show card and guide you to exit the airport to the hotel. Leave the pressure of flight under the shower and relax before the tour of Tabriz commences. Tabriz is the most significant region in the historic Azerbaijan area in terms of culture, industry, modernity, and handicrafts, also agriculture plays an important role in the development of the city. Tabriz’s history gained a huge impression from Safavid and Qajar dynasties as a center of Turkish tribes, so most of the monuments and attractions prove cultural, architectural, and customs and traditions of the mentioned royal families also known as the world Carpet Weaving City. Persian Architecture Tour begins with the cemetery of prose and poem (Tomb of Poets), where more than 400 poets are buried to shape the biggest dead poet society under a well-designed Tomb, Shahriar the most famous Tabrizi poet, who used to express his feelings and ideas not only in Azeri but also in Persian, is buried in the cemetery too, after that visiting Amir Nezam House, where shows us evidences about the contemporary history of Tabriz as it is a Qajar Museum too, then we drive to El Goli Garden which is decorated with a large artificial pond and a mansion in the middle to have a relaxing evening.
Overnight Tabriz, (D).
Day 2: Tabriz, Identifying Bazaar Design
Tabriz is the most significant region in historic Azerbaijan area in terms of culture, industry, modernity and handicrafts, also agriculture plays an important rule in the development of the city. Tabriz history gained a huge impression from Safavid and Qajar dynasties as a centre of Turkish tribes, so most of the monuments and attractions prove cultural, architectural and customs and traditions of the mentioned royal families also is known as the world Carpet Weaving City. The tour is devoted to Tabriz Heritage including Blue Mosque, a witness to the history of the city since pre-Safavid to Pahlavi dynasty, where blue tiles at the grand entrance Iwan caused the name of the monument. Most parts of the building destroyed in a late earthquake, but famous architects reconstructed the majesty of the mosque during Pahlavi dynasty, soon after we take a walk in Khaghani Park where is built in remembrance of a famous prose-writer and poet, who influenced Nezami Ganjavi, Saadi and Hafiz, after that, we walk to Azerbaijan Museum which takes you to a tour through history by visiting archaeological finds dated back to 5000 B.C to Sassanid era, then Islamic seals and coins and after that Iron Museum which demonstrates astonishing sculptures by a contemporary Artist Mr Ahad Hosseini, then our exploration continues with Constitution House of Tabriz as it was a prominent pivot of revolutionary communities, which is built by an eminent architect Mr Haj Vali Me’mar, during Qajar dynasty. The house, where is a museum of revolutionary activists sculptures and their legacies such as letters and weapons, was a centre for leaders declaration during Constitutional Revolution in Qajar era, next in order of time we wander at Tabriz Grand Bazaar (Tabriz Historic Bazaar) with its spectacular structure that includes many sub-Bazaars as the largest roofed Bazaar in the world, which confirmed itself as a cultural, economical and political centre of the city where Tabriz Kilim and Rug shine like diamonds by their world reputation that comes from the orchards which are woven onto the klims and rugs with a colourful design to let users feel softness and freshness under feet. since Safavid Dynasty to present era.
Overnight Tabriz, (B,L,D).
Day 3: Tabriz-Sarein, Just Relax
Ardabil is the motherland of Safi-ad-din Ardabili, who is the founder of Safavieh order that shaped the root of Safavid Ideology in their dynasty, also the city is rich in cultural and spiritual evidences. Ardabil established its brand for hot springs and natural landscapes, also for handicrafts especially silk carpets and rugs. Our exploration directs us to traditional Persian bath in Sarein On the way to Ardabil, Sarein is the city of natural hot springs with relaxing baths and pools to provide an atmosphere of calmness and wellness.
Overnight Ardabil, (B,L,D).
Day 4: Sarein-Zanjan, Azari Dome
Today is devoted to Safavid Dynasty Foundation by visiting Safi-ad-din Ardabili Tomb, Murshid of Sufism and his beliefs and ideology created Safaviyya credence in Persia. The Complex includes Khanghah, Mosque and courtyard, which shows different aspects of Sufism, then we will visit Ibrahim Abad Historical Bath to experience Qajar architecture with a peculiar usage as a restaurant, then moving to Zanjan as a pre-historic region in Azeri area of Persia where is famous for its agricultural products such as seedless grapes and handicrafts like Malileh and Knives. Zanjan is one of the most happiest Province in Iran with a dreamy view of natural inland sceneries and organic ingredients which flourish culinary art. Our tour continues with touching natural landscapes on the way to Zanjan and visiting Rakhtshooy Khaneh, where people used to wash their clothing in, as a distinctive ideology for constructing a building to provide a secure place for women and keeping them safe from coldness, soon after we experience Saltmen Museum to amaze with six dead bodies from 2500 years ago founded in a salt mine, after that joining art workshop to experience Malileh handicraft, a handmade souvenir which caused Zanjan to be inscribed as a creative city in UNESCO by the skill of Malileh art as a kind of handicraft which is crafted out of Silver.
Overnight Zanjan, (B,L,D).
Safi-ad-din Ardabili Complex dazzles eyes by mixing artistic values of architectural styles to present Sufism at the highest point of spirituality in Ardabil.[/caption
Day 5: Zanjan-Qazvin, Explore Humble Caravanserai
Qazvin, a city with 9000 years of civilization, where is located on the way of Silk Road, proves its significance to be announced as the capital of the country in different periods. Alamut Castle is the prominent legacy of the city besides Sa’d al-Saltaneh Caravanserai which is the biggest urban caravanserai in Iran.
On the way to Qazvin, we have an expedition to Dome of Soltaniyeh, a well -known structure in terms of architecture and spirituality which is also Tomb of Oljeitu, built during Mongol Dynasty (Ilkhqnid) in Persia. It is the largest brick dome with 49 tons weight and the third one in its kind after Florence Cathedral and Hagia Sophia in the world, after that, we embark on a full-day visits of Qazvin by having a unique taste royal gastronomy which mostly included rice and beef, so Qazvin is not only known as the Persian Culinary Capital but also famous for the cooking art of jewelled rice meals such as Morasa Polow. Being amazed with such colourful garnished rice dish energised us to join the culinary workshop to see how local cook flavour and colour these eats with herbs, fruits and flavourings such as Saffron in one of the most traditional houses of Qazvin. Chehel Sotun Pavillion is built during the reign of Shah Tahmasp Safavid as a royal palace at the centre of the city when he announced Qazvin as the capital of Iran. The building was reconstructed during Qajar Dynasty and now is used as Calligraphy museum, soon after that, we visit Cantor Church, a Russian Orthodox Church which is built by Russian engineers who came to Persia for road construction more than 100 years ago, also there is a pavement lead to Christian tombs in memorial, next in order of time we reach the majesty of Qajar Dynasty that is with no doubt the best-preserved caravanserai in Persia, Sa’d al-Saltaneh Caravanserai is the largest urban one in its kind. The architecture consists of Iwan, Hojre (Travelers room), Dome and courtyards to provide a relaxing atmosphere for travellers and traders.
Overnight Qazvin, (B,L,D).
Day 6: Qazvin-Tehran, Adapting with Nature by Architecture
Today we travel to Alamut Castle on the way to Tehran, which built above the highest summit of Alamut mountain range around 1000 A.D., as a fortified location for assassins with the leadership of Hassan-Sabbah, consisted of gardens, libraries and laboratories to promote Shi’a Ismai’il.
Overnight Tehran, (B,L,D)
Alamut Castle stands like an architectural masterwork to defeat enemies with its identifying structure and stone-made materials.[/caption]
Day 7: Tehran, Touch Contemporary Architecture
Tehran, as the most modern city and capital of Iran which clearly shows the classical and modern combination of Persian culture is located on the south of Alborz mountain range. Damavand, the highest Summit of Iran is a heroic symbol of Tehran, also the city embraces cultural & natural landscapes with brilliant glory of palaces and distinctive museums.
Today our tour includes Golestan Palace, a royal complex with over 400 years old as a brilliant and historical monuments of Tehran, which is decorated with peculiar ornaments such as tiling, mirror-works and paintings, surpassed the four kings who crowned in its majesty and now distinguished itself as a Unesco World Heritage, soon after taking a walk to overlook Tehran Grand Bazaar, a roofed up building with old-time architecture of passages and pathways which leave you in a puzzle as a cultural end economic center in downtown of Tehran, after that (Sat to Tue 14:30 to 16:30) walking to Treasury of National Museum (National Jewelry Museum), where shines for the beauty of the diamonds, jewels and illustrious royal heritages, to feel kingdom excellency, in the evening (if National Jewelry Museum was closed) we keep traveling deep into Persia by visiting Iran National Museum as a cradle of Persia tale that holds archaeological collections in two separate structures; Ancient Iran Museum and Museum of Islamic Period to present you with culture, art and history of Iran.
Overnight Tehran, (B,L,D).
Day 8: Tehran, Modern Urban Architecture
Today we visit Azadi Tower as a symbol of Modern Tehran and the contemporary national gate of Iran, soon after we will touch Contemporary Art Museum to indulge ourselves to extent our knowledge about Persian Modern Arts and the most valuable collection of western art out of Europe and America, then visiting Sa’ad Abad Complex which is located in Darband area at the footage of Alborz mountain range with green atmosphere and very pleasant weather, so proves itself as a royal resident for two dynasties from Qajar to Pahlavi in past two decades. Sa’ad Abad embraces palaces, museums and galleries which depicts Persia contemporary era in detail, then we feel spirituality in Tehran holiest shrine in Tajrish (Imamzadeh Saleh), where is so close to the old Tajrish Bazaar, to have further knowledge about traditional style of Persian daily life. Bypassing the longest street in the Middle East which is covered by trees and leaves to south, we will have the opportunity to walk along Nature Bridge which connects two parks on a highway as a symbol of modern architecture in Tehran.
Overnight Tehran, (B,L,D).
Day 9: Kashan, Traditional Houses & Persian Garden Architecture
Today is devoted to Kashan legacies that begins with Fin Garden, which depicts a genuine Persian garden, telling us stories about contemporary era from murdering Amir Kabir to present, after that we visit Boroujerdi House which combines desert style of wind-catchers with Persian traditional models of iwan with superb plaster-work in interior and exterior decoration, soon after we touch Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse to feel Persian architecture meanwhile bathing, next in order of time we walk to Tabatabaee House which includes peculiar differences with the previous one in terms of stone reliefs, stucco and colored glasses, after that we travel to visit Agha Bozorg Mosque which is the only one in its model as a mosque with sunken courtyard.
Overnight Kashan, (B,L,D)
Day 10: Isfahan, Reddish Rural Decoration
Our exploration continues with Aminodole Caravanserai at the centre of Kashan bazaar where a coherent form of the structure reflects hospitable sensibility, after that, we have an expedition to Abyaneh village to experience one of the ancient rural areas in Persia, which shows us historical traditions and customs along with distinctive habitable buildings, then travel to the capital of Perso-Islamic Architecture, then move to Isfahan to sense the white river to indulge ourselves to the beauty of widely-known Khaju Bridge.
Overnight Isfahan, (B,L,D).
Photo: Si-o Se Pol Bridges
Day 11: Isfahan, Perso-Islamic Architecture
Isfahan, the city of glories and Perso-Islamic masterpieces devoted itself to craftsman’s dexterity to become centre of art, not only in architecture or handicrafts but also in urban structures and music. The city is a treasure of mosques, Cathedrals, mansions, bridges and gardens which amazed visitors in all aspects of skilful ingenuities.
Tour through Isfahan begins with a three-floor building which is called Qeisarie Gate in remembrance of the king as the main entrance to Isfahan Grand Bazaar, which directs us to Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Meidan Emam) to visit the masterwork of chief architect Sheikh Bahaee, also having a workshop for the art of Minakari demonstrates us how ancient Persians enameled objects to place heaven into them by decorating metal(mostly Silver and Copper) or tile by patterns and paintings derived from the taste of the artist, soon after we walk to Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque to be amazed with the genius interior and exterior decoration of the dome which used to be a royal mosque dedicated to Shah Abbas Safavid, after that we visit Shah Mosque, which depicts Persian architecture in Islamic era, by consisting of iwans, domes, tilling and supreme engineering of voice echoing, then our trip to the square will end by Ali Qapu Palace which could be called as a gallery of art in terms of music, painting and decoration in an acoustic structure.
By nourishing our mind in the square we walk to Chehel Sotun Palace (Bagh-e Chehel Sotun), where a relaxing atmosphere with gorgeous paintings are awaiting us with palace pillar photo reflected into the front pond, then travel to the white river to indulge ourselves to the beauty of worldly known Si-O-Se-Pol Bridge.
Overnight Isfahan, (B,L,D).
Day 12:Isfahan, Dedicated to Isfahani and Khorasani Architecture
Today Our tour includes Vank Cathedral with its fascinating paintings and mosque-like dome which is constructed by the Armenians who forced to move to Isfahan by Shah Abbas Safavid, after that we travel to Isfahan Jameh Mosque (Masjed-e Jame of Isfahan) to discover a unique practice of designing a holy place by renovation and reconstruction a mosque which is one of the oldest kinds in Persia, then we learn how masters do Ghalamzani to create outstanding works with a superb design on silver, copper, brass and gold to place visionary engravings on objects. Our exploration continues to Chahar Bagh Street where is a masterpiece of urbanism to Hasht Behesht Palace were used to be a royal pavilion with glamorous paintings, woodwork, mirror-work and tilling, then we touch Monar Jonban, an unbelievable structure built during Ilkhanate era, which is an architectural masterpiece as a result of minarets oscillation, constructed during Safavid dynasty.
Overnight Isfahan, (B,L,D).
Day 13: Isfahan-Yazd, Desertic Architecture
We embark on a full day travel into the heart of the desert on the way from Yazd to Isfahan with an expedition to Maybod county to explore a region which was Mozaffarid dynasty capital and widely known in terms of architecture and handicrafts in north of Yazd. Our visits will include Abbasi Caravanserai where displays how travellers took rest on the way of their tours, after that we take a walk to traditional Water Reservoir which plays a vital rule to provide safe and clean water in the desert, soon after we have a glance of the Ice House which feed the county with Sufficient Ice reminded from winter to summer based on an evaporation engineering masterpiece since 1000 B.C, then we visit Narin Castle, which used to be a fortress during existence, dated back to Achaemenid era.
Our exploration continues to Naein county, where is an ancient region famous for the Qantas, handicrafts and castles, in south of Isfahan. We visit Naein Jameh Mosque which is one of the four mosques built soon after the Arabs conquest of Persia, after that we learn better about desert citizens lifestyle by surfing Desert Anthropology Museum, then we travel to Rigareh Qanat-based Water Mill to investigate how people quench their thirsty by constructing qanat underground since 1000 B.C in Persia.
Overnight Yazd, (B,L,D).
Day 14: Yazd, City of Wind-catchers
Yazd is a city which displays human adaptation to the hard nature by its unique architecture to use simple materials to build astonishing structures such as wind-catchers, Bath, mosque and houses to preserve the residents’ life in heart of desert, also Qanat construction is an ancient engineering knowledge which conveys water from natural sources to quench people and farms. The city is the home of Persian sweeties and a famous land in handicrafts especially for handwoven souvenirs, also religions diversity enlighten you about Zoroastrians, Jewish, Christians and Muslims in the city centre.
Today we begin our travel with Yazd Jameh Mosque, where the brilliance of tilling dazzle eyes next to highest minarets in Iran, depicting harmonious craft between Islamic and Persian architecture, but the Cashmere Fabric (Termeh) as the emanation of art in warp and weft of cloth is in the way to the mosque and some believe that the age of this magnificent fabric which is made of wool and silk goes back to more than 500 years ago. Some others believe that it’s come from the far lands of Cashmere. There are several types of this soft, magical cloth in Yazd, after that we walk to Fahadan area to explore brick and mud lifestyle with a particular style of construction, where customs and traditions fed the area, to reach Alexander Prison that was used to be a school, then we visit Fahadan Paint Shop to have a glance over Yazd handicrafts and purchase souvenirs, soon after we walk to Lariha House to capture a view of Yazd lifestyle in a well-decorated location with generally recognized architecture of wind-catcher plus archways, plaster-work and stained-glass window, then we visit Zoroastrians Fire Temple, which is continuously burning for around 2500 years.
Day 15: Yazd, Mud & Brick Architecture
Our exploration continues to Amir Chakhmagh Complex with its gorgeous balanced submerged alcoves in the Tekyeh and historical mosque, after that tasting Ice-cream and purchasing Sweeties such as Qottab, Loz, Baklava and Yazdi Cake as souvenirs, soon after we take a walk to Water Museum to experience how people adapt themselves with the desert situation and water shortage, then we visit Khan Bath in Khan complex, where includes school and bazaar, to serve our lunch in a cosy location with Yazdi style of architecture in Shah Neshin (King Seat) and Khazineh (Water reservoir) of the bath, next in order of time we pass Yazd Saabats to explore the shaded area with distinctive architecture to feel the coolness of the atmosphere in the sunny climate of desert areas, then we experience a traditional form of athletics exercising, which was used for training soldiers for warfare in Zourkhaneh (Pahlavani Rituals). Our today tour ends with having a pleasing night is calm atmosphere around the highest wind-catcher in the world with a peculiar architecture in Dowlat Abad Garden.
Overnight Yazd, (B,L,D).
Day 16: Yazd-Shiraz, Gate of Zoroastrian Architectural Heritage
Departing Yazd we travel to Shiraz by having an expedition to Abarkooh county to wander at the 4500-year-old Cypress Tree, soon after our exploration takes us to the Global City of Wood-carvings to discover a very skilful art which is called Monabatkari or Moghaarkari by professionals who replete woods with religious design or flower motifs in their workplace, after that we keep going to Pasargadae, the ancient capital of Achaemenid, which was built under the order of Cyrus the Great with famous fourfold Persian model of the garden, to explain the nobility of the emperor and his necropolis, soon after we will have a glance to Quran Gate, which is the entrance gate of Shiraz from the north, built by Zand dynasty in reason of blessing passengers by the holiness of Quran, next to the gate is Tomb of Khwaju, who was the guru in literature, also a guide to Hafiz.
Overnight Shiraz, (B,L,D).
Day 17: Shiraz, Deep in Colors
Achaemenian’s and Sassanian’s glories is the city of prose & poem, gardens and flowers. Historical ornaments such as Persépolis and Pasargadae is spread through the tale of the province from Achaemenid empire to Zand Dynasty, also spirituality always associates with story of the people, not only during Zoroastrianism but also at the time of Islam to the present era.
Today is devoted to Zand dynasty heritages which begins with Karim khan Citadel as a residence for Karim Khan and his family and also to be known as a military centre, the structure looks like a castle to guard the royal family and the king, soon after we take a walk to Kolah Farngi Mansion to experience the ceremonial palace of Zand Dynasty, where is a Zand legacy museum at the present, to explore the kingdom much closer, after that our visits include Vakil Historic Bath, which is an architectural masterpiece in Vakil Complex, built from gypsum, stone and brick, then keep walking to Vakil Mosque to experience royal holy place, which derives its fame from the art of architecture, calligraphy and columns engravings, as an entrance door to Vakil Bazaar, where you will be amazed by the passageways, to experience Shirazi nomads and tribes clothing and purchasing handicrafts, then our exploration continues with a gourmet taste of contrast in flavours, which make the taste of a food special. Sour Cherry Rice, a traditional Shirazi dish, is a great example of such contrast. On one hand, you can taste the sweet flavour, and on the other hand, you feel the sour taste, By exploring Vakil Complex we reach Qavam House (Narenjestan Qavam), a unique model of Persian architecture which depicts most of the artistic value of the culture, not only in the garden with fountains, planting flowers and palm trees, but also with gorgeous mirror-works and European style of paintings, finally we will dedicate our evening to Hafezieh, the mausoleum of a poet whose love stories, spiritual beliefs and sagacious poems left an untouched and legacy behind for readers to alleviate with. Hafez Ghazal by the use of eloquence inspired Persians to fall in love, be honest and worship Allah.
Overnight Shiraz, (B,L,D).
Day 18: Shiraz, Land of Achaemenid Architecture
We travel outside of Shiraz to explore Persepolis, one of the three Achaemenid Empire Capitals, which is dedicated to ceremonial events to demonstrate the imperial majesty and eminence, constructed by Darius the Great. The palace with the meaning of ‘city of Persians’ is a great example of Achaemenid architectural style after that satisfy our curiosity about ancient culinary art by tasting original Shirazi food such as Kalam Polow, Ghanbari Polow, Baneh Polow and Dam Pokht to have a better taste of Persia, soon after on the way back to downtown our exploration continues with Naqsh-e Rustam, a Necropolis, where the emperors of Persian civilization are buried in rock cuts, with king’s engraved messages on rock reliefs, also the Zoroastrians sacred place “ Cube of Zoroaster ” as a spiritual monument is located next to the rock face, after that taking a short walk to Naqsh-e Rajab, an open-air archaeological archive which displays Sassanid imperial impregnable power and triumph over Roman emperor on bas-relief inscriptions, then our evening tour includes Sa’diyeh, the mausoleum of a poet who nourishes you with words and wisdom to enlighten your soul. Sa’adi with his global reputation for verses about human rights left us the most valuable heritage by writing books such as GOLESTAN & BOSTAN.
Overnight Shiraz, (B,L,D).
Day 19: Shiraz, Dazzling Tile and Mirror Works, Depart Iran
Persia Architecture tour ends with visiting Nasir-ol-Molk, a supreme intellectual and artistic sacred place which proves no comparison with the typical mosques. Spirituality lies inside when sunshine passes through the colorful glasses of windows to Persian carpet orchards and on the firm columns inside, also you will be dazzled by the superb celling ceramic-work, soon after Further to usual monuments, soon after we reach Zinat Al-Molk House, where is a Persian style of home, to fascinate visitors by the mirror and woodwork, after that travel to the oldest mosque of Shiraz, which is built in Saffarid Dynasty and renovated during Safavid Dynasty, Atiqe Mosque is called Adineh by Shirazi people too, include eight entrance gate and Khodakhaneh (God of House) with unique architecture to amaze you, after that we experience Shahcheragh, the third holiest shrine in Iran, where provides you with a very sophisticated feeling of spirituality as a reason of its brown color face which takes you out of the worldly tensions, then indulge ourselves about architecture in Eram Garden which is the original meaning of Paradise (Pardis in Persian Language) by displaying the Persia peculiar structure in magnificent buildings and botanical garden, at the end of the tour, we travel to int’l Airport of Shiraz to Depart Iran.
Fly Home, (B, L, D)