Introduction to Alamut Castle
Alamut Castle is a historical monument built on the rocks in one of Qazvin‘s mountains. The only way to enter the castle is through a challenging path on the northeast side. The fort, known for its green space and red cliffs, often had military and security functions. In the history of Persia, Alamut Castle was recognized as the Eagle’s Nest or Hassan Sabbah Castle; according to chronicles, when he was expelled from the Seljuk emperor’s court, Hassan Sabah went to Egypt to learn the principles of the Ismaili religion. After returning to Persia, he traveled over the country to find a suitable place for his activities, ultimately choosing Alamut Castle. It seems that Hassan Sabbah bought the fort because of his military function in 483 AH; He lived in Alamut Castle for 35 years, being a leader.
History of Alamut Castle
In 654 AH, the Mongol Hulagu Khan captured the fort and set fire to its striking library, after which the castle lost its power and became an exile. In the Safavid era, the castle was used as a government prison; during the Qajar period, the castle was destroyed again due to excavations made to find unknown treasures in this area. However, Alamut Castle still retains its stunning appearance and is known as one of the most solid buildings in Iran. The castle towers in the northern, southern, and eastern parts are still intact, showing the castle’s general look to visitors. It is interesting to note that archaeologists thought that the fort was just a prison, but over time, they found signs of the lives of prominent people in the place.
Architecture of The rocky Castle
Visitors can use the stone steps to reach the spectacular place. Arriving at the entrance, you will see a sign introducing the castle, and has called Hassan Sabbah the Lord of Alamut. Additionally, tourists take photos at this place due to the height and magnificent landscape around the castle. Alamut Castle consists of two parts, east and west, plus four towers, three of which are still standing on the east, north, and south sides. On the south side, guardrooms have been dug in the cliff’s heart. There is a water hole refilled without human intervention after being evacuated.
The only entrance to Alamut Castle is a tunnel dug in the middle of the rocks with 2 meters high and 6 meters wide. Reservoirs have been built in the heart of the rocks, supplying water for the castle’s inhabitants; You can still see the storage after centuries of Alamut Castle’s construction. Another attractive part is the old vine tree located southwest of the castle; It seems that Hassan Sabbah planted it, which is still green and fresh after several centuries.