Introduction to Arg Alishah
The history of many cities in Persia is engraved in their ancient citadel. Citadel means a small castle in the heart of a large castle, including a tower and fortifications. Arg Alishah or Tabriz Citadel is the ruling place of Tabriz kings, dating back to the Ilkhanid period, including the highest and oldest historical walls in Persia. Nowadays, this monument is known as one of the symbols of Tabriz. Voyagers who have passed through Tabriz have mentioned this monument as the tallest building in the city, easily recognizable from a distance. What we see now are the remnants of the original citadel of Alisha.
History of Arg Alishah
Tabriz Arg Alishah is a 700-year-old building with such a rich history, which has experienced many natural and human events over time. The usage of the monument has changed many times according to the conditions of the time. The original structure of Arg Alishah was built between 716 and 724 A.H by the order of Taj al-Din Alishah, the regnant of Tabriz. At first, he ordered to build a mosque, but since he passed away very early, construction of the building got suspended for some time. Later, during the Qajar period, it became a military ammunition depot, and the ground was used as a granary. After that, due to the fence built around the place was renamed the citadel.
Architecture of Alishah Citadel
Arg Alishah is one of the masterpieces of Persian architecture. The greatness of this monument is unique as an example of Islamic architecture. Arg Alishah is built in the Azeri style, which is also known as the Mongol style. This structure is made with durable materials that were popular to use during the Ilkhanate period. Unfortunately, a devasting earthquake happened in the 10th century, of which the Alisha Citadel was not spared. Many parts of its vast area and the incredible monuments such as the Nejat School, as one of the very first schools of Persia, and the Lion & Sun Amphitheater were all destroyed. From the former structure, three high walls in the form of a porch, the seraglio, and the main element of Alisha Mosque are left. There is also an altar 30 meters high, which is a unique example of Islamic architecture.