Introduction to Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great (1-6 BC), also known as Cyrus the Second, was the first king and founder of the Achaemenid empire. Cyrus the Great is known for his generosity, the founding of human rights and establishment of the world’s first multinational empire, the liberation of slaves, respect for various religions and cults and spreading of Persian civilization.
People of ancient Persia would call Cyrus the Great “father” and the Greeks, who had conquered their lands, would call him ” a servant and legislature”, and the Jews regarded Cyrus the Great as anointed by the Lord. Cyrus the first king the Achaemenid Empire, who ruled on large land of Asia between the years 2 and 1 B.C. In his charter discovered in Babylon, Cyrus the Great introduces himself as “the son of Cambyses, the great king of Anshan, the grandfather of Cyrus, the grandfather of Chish-Pish and a member of a family that has always been king.”
Cyrus the Achaemenid king, Darius the Great, Xerxes, Alexander the Great are those who have been investigated to find the true Zul-Qarnein, but according to historical documents and their correspondence with the verses of the Quran, the Torah, and the Bible, Cyrus the Great is the most justified King of Kings. Cyrus the Great has been recognized as one of the leading figures in history, thorough his success in the formation of the Achaemenid Empire, his combination of consciousness and skills in diplomacy and militarism as well as creativity and complete knowledge of the country.
Herodotus, the fourth-century B.C. historian, is the best person to have described the legend of Cyrus’ birth from the rest of the legends, Cambyses I first married the princess Mandana daughter of Astiag , King of the Medes, and Cyrus the Great was the result of this marriage. Herodotus describes Cyrus’ childhood as follows: “Cyrus was a clever and intelligent child, and when he was asked questions he would immediately respond with fullness of mind , on this basis, not only did Cyrus speak of arrogance, arrogance and arrogance, but also a word of simplicity and unselfishness and affection. Cyrus chose a wife named Cassandan from the Achaemenid clan, of whom he had four children: two sons and two girls ,Cyrus’ sons were Cambyses II and Bardia, and one of his daughters was Atusa(Darius the Great marries Atusa, resulted a son named Xerxes),Cambyses II succeeded him to the throne after his father’s death and killed his other brother then he committed suicide on his way back to Persia after conquering Egypt.
In Babylon and elsewhere, there is no sign of his zeal for his national religion, also there is disagreement about what religion Cyrus the Great used to follow , but it is guessed that he must have been Ahuramazda’s worshiper, though we know almost nothing about his beliefs, whereas his humanity was equal to the honor of liberty which let him look at the people on one level and made rest of the kings look upon him . Cyrus the Achaemenid Charter had more writings that over time had lost parts of it and had broken parts that had been restored.
The Cyrus Cylinder, written after the defeat of Nabunid and the conquest of Babylon, was written and is a valuable historical witness. In the year 6, the United Nations published the Cyrus Cylinder in all the official languages of the United Nations, making it a UN headquarters in New York City. The main piece of the Cyrus the Great cylinder was found by Hormozd Rasam in the excavation of the Marduk Temple in Babylon in 1879 . Founded at Yale University in the Babylon Collection in 1975 , it was incorporated into the Principal Charter.