Introduction to Maqbaratoshoara
Imagine a place where you can see the tombs of many famous people at once. A series of tombs are located next to each other and connect centuries ago. The delightful city of Tabriz has long been the breeding ground of great and honorable people, each of whom tried in a way to leave a good name, whose bodies are laid to rest in the Maqbaratoshoara. Maqbaratoshoara (Tomb of Poems) , including a collection of 400 graves, is one of the most spectacular historical places in the world. In this place, the bodies of great people such as Khaghani, Asadi Tusi, and Shahriyar, the poet of Haidar Babaei Salam, are buried. The monument of Maqbaratoshoara, with its unique and spectacular structure, is one of the cultural symbols of the city of Tabriz.
History of Maqbaratoshoara (Tomb of Poems)
Tabriz has long been popular among poets and writers for living. As we see in history, after the formalization of the Atabakan government of Azerbaijan in Tabriz, many mystics and poets who were fascinated by peace free from war and conflict came to this region. Like Khaghani, who migrated from Shervan, and Shahpour Neyshabouri, who moved from Khorasan to Tabriz. Therefore, locating this number of tombs in one city will be expected. However, the exact date of construction of this tomb is not available. But we still come across historical sources and books in which the name of this tomb is mentioned. The oldest inscription referring to this tomb and the people buried in it is the Labab al-Bab by Mohammad Awfi. This book talks about the graves of Khaghani and Farabi. Also, in the book Nozha al-Qulub by Hamdallah Mostofi in 740 AH, we can find about the Sorkhab cemetery. Therefore, the construction of this tomb can be attributed to around the 8th century AH.
Maqbaratoshoara is located in the Sorkhab neighborhood, one of the oldest and noble alleys in Tabriz. The existence of holy places such as Rabe-e Rashidi, Haidar Takiyeh, Seyyed Hamzeh Tomb, Sahib Al-Amr Mosque, Qajar House and Museum, etc. has increased the fame and prestige of this neighborhood. This neighborhood feels different. A classic Renaissance atmosphere in which men wear English tuxedos and women wear a small English umbrella and hat and continue to walk. But this time in the streets of Hazaravik at night. This monument was not safe from the earthquake and was damaged, which led to the restoration in the coming years. We should say that this place was known by different names, such as Hazira Al-Shoara, Hazira Al-Qadha, and Sorkhab Cemetery.
Architecture of Tomb of Poems
This geometric structure with intertwined arches is one of the unique architectural attractions of Tabriz. The creativity used in the design of this structure is the result of the taste of Forouzan Mehr. His design won a competition held in 1350 AH to symbolize this tomb. Until today, it has adorned the city and has become one of the characteristics of Tabriz. An interesting point in the design is the extraordinary combination of traditional architectural elements with modern style. In the first seconds, it absorbs your attention and draws you deep into the shapes. From the past until today, this structure has been attractive for both lovers of literature and architecture.
To enter, you must first go down the stairs and then enter the space below this memorial symbol. When you reach the main section, you will find yourself in a large room with several smaller rooms next to each other. In the corner of the space, one of the tombs catches your attention. This part is covered with glass, and poems are engraved on it. This is the tomb of Shahryar.
Mohammad Hossein Behjat Tabrizi, nicknamed Shahriyar, is one of the most famous contemporary Persian poets. He was born in 1285 AH in Tabriz. He became famous in his youth due to his extraordinary talent in poetry and playing the setar. Shahriar was able to write poetry in both Persian and Azeri. His most important work is the poem Heydar Babaei Salam, which has fascinated poetry and literature lovers with its sweet Azerbaijani Turkish literature. This poet, with his marginal life, finally died in 1988. His body is buried in the Tomb of the Poets next to Khaghani, the well-known poet of the sixth century.
All around the place is filled with poems, writings, sculptures, and paintings by various poets and writers buried here.The fame of this stunning building has transcended borders. The image of the Tomb of the Poets was used as one of the symbols of the Azerbaijan Eurovision Song Contest in 2009.