Introduction to Ibn Yamin Tomb
Semnan province has long been the cradle of the greats of science, philosophy, religion, and mystics. Also, containing many historical sites makes it one of the best tourist destinations for adventurers. Ibn Yamin Tomb, the well-known Persian poet, is located in the Farumad village in Semnan province. The construction of the village dates back to the ancient times of Iran, which was also on the Silk Road. The tomb stands next to the historic Farumad Grand Mosque and recalls the great memories of a man who called everyone to the perfection of humanity. The magnificent building is a meeting place for lovers of Persian poetry and literature. Ibn Yamin had a simple and dissociable character. His style was in composing Khorasani poems, and he had a simple and direct order the themes of his poems are full of moralist advice and concepts. Ibn Yamin’s works are significant among many of his followers due to their advice, irony, and humor.
Biography of Ibn Yamin
Amir Fakhreddin Mahmoud ibn Amir Yaminuddin Toghraei Mustawfi Beyhaqi Farumadi, known as Ibn Yamin, is one of the Persian poets born in Farumad in 1286 A.D. He had a Turkish father and lived during the reign of Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh (Oljaitu). As a child, Ibn Yamin learned the alphabet from his father, and his father’s efforts and support caused him to become a poet. Ibn Yamin’s father wrote a monograph (writing a complex type of calligraphy, including the titles and names of the sultan or their orders by the kings themselves) and wrote the laws of the kings. Ibn Yamin followed his father’s footsteps and took charge of monograph writing for Khajeh Aladdin Mohammad Farumadi, and for this reason, he was called Mustawfi. He spent his childhood in Khorasan, but he went to Tabriz in his youth and joined the government of Khajeh Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad ibn Rashid al-Din Fadlallah Wazir (historian and prominent minister of Ghazan Khan and Oljaitu). Ibn Yamin’s time coincided with the many conflicts between the rulers of Khorasan, and he witnessed difficult moments.
In 1342 A.D, in the city of Zaveh, in Khorasan province, a war took place between the Sarbadars and the ruling family named Al Kurt, which had many consequences for Khorasan. The ruler of the Sarbadars forced Ibn Yamin to participate in this war, but after their defeat, he was captured and taken to the city of Herat, where he lost his poetry collection (Divan). Ibn Yamin then searched everywhere to find his Divan but could never find it. However, Sing’s new poetry provided a new Divan with what he had been able to find in others from his previous poems. Eventually, he returned to his hometown (Farumad) from the riots he had seen, parted ways with rulers and ministers, and worked as a peasant until he died in Farumad in 1368 A.D.
The architecture of this Persian poet Mausoleum
Ibn Yamin’s mausoleum was initially from clay. In 1974 A.D, the Society for the National Heritage of Iran decided to build a new tomb on the previous one. The engineer Mohsen Foroughi designed the tomb and completed the historical building in 1975 A.D with a plan and drawing of signs from the time of Ibn Yamin and Persian architecture. However, it was demolished again since the lack of proper guard. Fortunately, with the pursuits of Abdul Rafi Haqiqat (researcher and poet from Semnan), another remarkable and stunning building was built. The structure, which does not match the texture of the village, is hexagonal. No wall covers the tomb, and all sides have access inside. There is a small hexagon tombstone on which is written about this poet.
Some believe the design of Ibn Yamin’s tomb is like a blossoming flower, and the mausoleum in the middle of the tomb is like a flag of that imaginary flower. Others consider the hexagonal view of the tomb to be a symbol of the hat worn by the Sarbadars; those whom Ibn Yamin spent his time in the realm and with them. The red facade of the tomb is a sign of the poet’s time, and the symmetry of the tomb design with the old Farumad mosque in front of the tomb is remarkable. Around the tomb of Ibn Yamin is green space, and fences surrounding the place protect it.